Nouméa is the capital and only city on the main island of New Caledonia, a French territory in the southwest Pacific. The city lies on a peninsula at the island's southern tip, sandwiched between low hills and a protected deepwater harbour. Founded in 1854 as NoumÃ ©a, NoumÃ ©a remains dominated by French language and culture. The local economy is based on nickel smelting and tourism.
Nouméa is often referred to as the "Paris of the Pacific" because it possesses a cosmopolitan atmosphere, fine French restaurants, and chic boutiques. Tourists come here to visit the city's many beaches, and to windsurf and sail. Between the two main tourism areas of the town, Ansa Vata Beach and Baie des Citron , a cigar-shaped peninsula juts out into the South Pacific at Nouméa.
Nouméa is located on a protected harbour in the southwestern part of the island of New Caledonia. It is the territory's capital, chief port, and principal administrative and economic centre. Tourism, and the mining and refinement of nickel-ore are both important to the town's economy. The National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts and the Bernheim Library are situated here.