Wonderful Copenhagen is a city of bridge-spanned canals, copper-roofed buildings and manicured parks. This famous Baltic seaport is one of Europes loveliest capitals and the seat of the oldest monarchy in the world. Home to a quarter of Denmarks population, Copenhagen is a focus for commerce, culture, industry and cosmopolitan atmosphere. Although Vikings and fishermen knew this site for years as Havn (Harbor), the founding of Copenhagen dates from 1167, when the warrior-bishop Absalon established a citadel here. In 1443 the city became capital of the Kingdom of Denmark. A century later, Christian IV began the building program that was the basis of the modern city, in 1669 Frederik III graced the city with its first royal palace, Amalienborg, for his queen, Sophie Amalie. Many of these structures still exist, the taller ones remain the dominant features on what is a refreshingly low skyline.Copenhagen was attacked by Britain and Sweden between the 17th and 19th centuries it was invaded by Germany in 1940 and occupied until 1945.
It has been a crossroads for northern Europe throughout its history. Visitors to Copenhagen are impressed by the magnitude of attractions that await. The locale of Hans Christian Andersens enchanting tale of The Little Mermaid, Copenhagen is known as Denmarks fairy-tale city. Its impressive theaters, museums and churches are of interest to many visitors, the best-loved attractions include the world-famous Tivoli Gardens, the Langelinie Harbor with its Little Mermaid statue and the busy shopping promenade known as Struget. Shopping and dining opportunities are endless. Tours of the Tuborg and Carlsberg Breweries as well as the Royal Copenhagen china factory are equally popular with visitors. Its an easy city to get around. You are unlikely to need to venture far from the central section, where most of the activity and sights are contained.