The town owes its importance to its strategic position at the narrows of the Dardanelles. Canakkale means Pottery Castle, named after the ceramics industry which formerly flourished here. Most of the buildings here have been re-built since the earthquake of 1912 and the few places of interest are within easy reach of the dock. It is about a 10 minute walk into town but you will need a taxi to reach the Archaelogical Museum. Crossing the strait by ferry to the Gallipoli Peninsula you can spend a full or half day exploring the beaches, memorials and cemetries that remind us of the horrors of the ill-fated First World War campaign that began in 1915.