The city's name derives from Brunda meaning, 'The Head of a Deer ', inspired by the shape of Brindisi's natural harbour.
Its splendour came during the Roman Age.
In 267 BC The Romans conquered the city, creating a colony and lengthening Via Appia leading to the port, which from then on became one of the principalities of Italy. They constructed temples, baths, the amphitheater, the mint and aqueducts.
From 58 to 48 BC Cicero visited the city on a regular basis, were he was friendly received. During this period of time, hard battles were fought between Pompeius and Caesar who were both aiming to supremacy.