Benghazi is the second-largest city in Libya. It was the site of the ancient Greek colony Hesperides and was also known as Berenice. It was ruled by the Turks from the 16th century until 1911, when it was captured by the Italians during the Turko-Italian War; thereafter it became part of Italian Libya. During World War II it was occupied by the British and served as the seat of British territorial administration until Libya gained independence in 1951. From here it is possible to visit Tulmaytha, Cyrene and the British War Cemetery.