Located on the east side of Gulf St. Vincent in the state of South Australia, Adelaide is the fifth largest city in Australia. The city was founded in 1831 and named in honour of Queen Adelaide and lies at the foot of the mount lofty range. The climate is mild in the winters and hot in the summers and is known for having a Mediterranean feel. The centre of the city is surrounded by the botanic park and is divided into two sections. The northern terrace contains many museums and café 's giving this area a cosmopolitan feel. The Rundle mall offers an extensive shopping experience and the national wine centre offers visitors over 10,000 Australian wines from 60 wine regions. The region is also blessed with a number of national parks. These include Belair national park, about 11km from the centre, Cleland national park about 20min from the centre, Moriatta Conservation Park and the privately owned Worrawong wildlife park. The port itself is located 14 km north west of the centre and is one of the states early settlements. Containing over twenty wharfs the port exports everything from wine to motor vehicles. It is the gateway to a bustling city with a cosmopolitan feel.
Prior to European settlement the Adelaide plains were occupied by the kaurna aboriginal tribe. The land was officially declared part of the British empire on the 28 of December 1836, which is celebrated as proclamation day. The city was surveyed and laid out by Colonel William Light based on the architectural designs of George Strickland Kingston. During the First World War, Adelaide sent 28,000 solders and after victory the city experienced a post war boom.
Visitors can take in many attractions outside of the city including Kangaroo Island, which has spectacular flora and fauna. The region also has many wineries for visitors to taste the now famous Australian wines. Within the city, travellers can visit the many parks, museums, art centre and café's.